Help referencing?


A lot of systems today can provide you with accurate references for your essays. Summon can do this with it’s content for example.

Another great tool is the swedish library database Libris. Just search for your author, title och ISBN and choose english as your language:


Then choose the right book from your results:


Be sure you chose the right book by checkning the ISBN, you can also just type in the number in the searchbox to find the right book straight away.


Press cite, and choose if you want to export or just copy/paste your reference right into your document. And voilá, you got yourself a correct reference for your book.


Text: Lisa Carlson

You borrow more!


That’s the news when our media department presented statistics of last year’s (2012) lending.

The physical loans decreases, you have borrowed 11% less physical books, but this is offset by the fact that e-book loans are increasing. They have risen by 21% since 2011. Since our purchases increasingly consists of e-materials, and not printed material, that is of course very gratifying. The most borrowed e-book was 2012:


You also download an increasing number of articles, in fact 22% more in 2012 than in 2011. 275213 to be precise. This is a trend that libraries who acquired discovery systems as our Summon often can testify to. This type of system makes articles and e-books available in a whole new way for your users.

Which magazines are you reading the most then? We have a number of magazines to read in the library which is used extensively in our lounge. Of the 10 most read online nine is of scientific journal-type where Bioresource Technology peaks, followed by a mixture of various healthcare journals as the Journal of Advanced Nursing, as well as a few management / business journals such as Industrial Marketing Management and Journal of Business Research. The magazine that holds the seventh place is a bit different in character, we find the fashion magazine Vogue here. Which you can read through the library’s electronic subscription via Summon.


Text: Lisa Carlson

Google is not your source!

Google is not your sourceI took this photo when I attended a public defence of a doctoral thesis awhile back. I don’t remember anymore what the opponent’s point was but today I got a question at the information point which reminded me of this photo.

The question I got had to do with writing references. We get a lot of questions about how to write references. Sometimes the questions are easy and other times they are difficult. Today the student had found something interesting in Emerald and the student wanted to use it and wanted to know how to write a reference to Emerald.

Using references may have several aims. They might be used to show how much you have read, to show that your argument holds water or to show the current discussions in the scientific field. What is mutual is that when you refer to some material in your text there should be a reference to it in the reference list. It doesn’t matter if you found it via Emerald, Ebsco or Google because the reader might have access to the article via a different database and that’s why it is not of interest to know who has delivered the document to you.

You can search in our databases for all kinds of material and they are always published somewhere. It is not the database, the database host[1] or search engine that is the source you need to refer to but it is the document you found. It is not Google, Emeral or Scopus you refer to. What I’m trying to say is that it is not interesting to know which channel you have used to get access to the document. There is an exception to this though. This is when it is part of your course work do show which databases you have search and which terms you have used. Remember, databases are they way to your source, not the source!

Many of the databases today have tools that help you to create references. There is often a link that is called something like Create a reference, How to cite, Cite this or Create bibliography or you have the possibility to download file that you can open in EndNote. Then it might be called something like Export Citations. By the way, did you know you can download EndNote on your computer if you are a student at University of Borås?

Text: Pieta Eklund

[1] Databases are hosted by different suppliers. One database can be made accessible by a number of hosts, one university has one host and another has someone else. This makes it uninsteresting to say where you found a document. It is not interesting to know if you have used Google or Bing to do your search.

OER and the possibilities


OER or open educational resources are digital materials that can be reused in learning and freely available with open licenses for use. They are based on the materials and software that need to be organized, for example, creative commons licenses. In other words, no need to reinvent the wheel over and over again but “open” cultures based on the sharing of their material so that others can use and adapt it to their own circumstances.

Listen to this TED Talk about how the future of learning may look like.

Endnote news


EndNote is the reference management program that the University of Borås provide for their students and researchers. The program simplifies your reference management and can help you manage your bibliographic references and create the right type of reference for you. Most databases and our library discovery system Summon supports an export of references to EndNote. It’s then easy to connect Endnote to Word so that you can export references into your working document and create a proper reading list. Be sure to select the correct format for your references, the most common are Harvard and APA, and you will find information and guides to both on the library website. But be sure to read the instructions of your particular teacher and institution for which referencesystem that should be used.

We’ve made two short guides, they are in swedish but it’s easy to follow them just by looking at the instructions. How to export from Summon to Endnote and How to export from Google Scholar to Endnote. Otherwise you are welcome to the informationdesk, and we will show you how to make it work.

A novelty is that Endnote is soon updated to Endnote X6, then a sync function between desktop Endnote and WebEndnote will work, this was not previously possible. There is also an app for iPad that can be downloaded from iTunes, which also can sync to your Endnote account. But importantly, this applies only when the X6 version is in place, which will take a couple of weeks yet, and we will have to return to it.

Text & film: Lisa Carlson

Language check

I received a forwarded mail from a doctoral student today. It was a mail from a company calling itself “Research and manuscript experts in American and British style (FMABS)” and it was aimed at a “Dear Doctor …”. The doctoral student was offered language check but since none of the links in the email worked it wasn’t possible to check on the company behind this offer. This e-mail reminds me of many of the e-mails you might receive on a weekly or even daily base from publishers wanting to publish your article or call for papers from conferences you do not recognize. You should be careful when you receive offers like this, make sure they are legitimate. There are many attempts to try to find customers and money with this kind of schemes.

University of Borås has coordinated framework agreements with several different service providers and the web is crawling with this kind of services. You should use the services that are provided thought the framework agreements. The website (or call off in Swedish) is the site where these procuring entities and suppliers are listed. Check the framework agreements for translation services and proofreading (in Swedish).

There is some language support offered at the library for student registered at University of Borås.

Text: Pieta Eklund

Research misconduct and research data

There is a presumption that researchers’ keep their raw data in order, that there are lab journals and notes so that someone else can test the results by duplicating the research. This is not always the case. Sweden and most other countries do not have an adequate system to detect or expose research irregularities. The structure in place in Sweden today does not protect the one reporting of the irregularities or the one who has been suspected of misconduct, particularly well. A doctoral student might not dare to cast suspicion on his/her supervisor in the fear of damaging his/her own career or university does not want to investigate into allegations because it might mean losing research funding.

Often when irregularities in research are uncovered the research publications will be retracted. This means that results from the articles are not to be used in other research. Most of the retractions are done due to plagiarism, serious errors in interpretation of research data, fabricated research data or self plagiarism meaning that big part of text for one’s own previously published research is used without citing that work.

Brian Deer uncovered falsifications in a study into the possible connection between vaccination and autism. The so called Wakefield study had falsified number of things in the research. It took twelve years for The Lancet to retract the article. Deer means that researchers should be controlled like sportsmen: unannounced visits to labs to make sure papers and log books and notes are in order.

The Swedish Research Counsil requires a data publishing plan to be attached to an application for research funding. They would like for the research data to be made openly available for others to have the possibility to use the same data for their project and also because openly available research data might increase citations. This demand brings out another question: might there be even other reasons? Could it be that this is a first step making it easier to control research results against research data and expose research misconduct?

There are voices in Sweden asking for a new system to manage suspicions of research misconduct. One of them is Madeleine Leijonhufvud, a professor in criminal law at the Stockholm University, says that the research world in Sweden is so small, everyone knows everyone, that there is a need to call in experts from abroad when cases of misconduct are investigated.

A database where you can search for retracted articles does not exist but Retraction Watch blog writes about retracted articles. There are a some studies made on retracted articles, .e.g. The persistence of error: a study of retracted article on the Internet and in personal libraries and A Comprehensive Survey of Retracted Articles from the Scholarly Literature.  The first one studies articles which have been retracted but are still available online and the second one studied retracted articles from several disciplines, not just within medicine and Life Sciences.

Both of these studies and parts of the research community are demanding ways to educate researches on research ethics but also to discuss more openly retracted literature and also to create better and independent organizations to investigate research misconduct. Maybe we should follow Norway? There you might be sentenced to prison for research misconduct.

Text: Pieta Eklund

The University of Lund teaches on academic writing, in english


There is an incredible amount of guides on how to write scientifically in various forms, both as printed books, such as on a shelf 001.42, 400 or 808 at the library. But also online. University Libraries usually have their own guides and also collect other online.

Now Lund University released its guide that has previously only been available to their students and staff. It’s called AWELU, Academic Writing in English and addressed to the writer of academic English. This resource is now an Open Educational Resource, OER, which means that it’s freely available for anyone to use.

This guide is very comprehensive and, although it is slightly adapted to Lund library resources it’s also most useful to others. So take the opportunity to take advantage of this and improve or learn how to write academic texts.

Text: Lisa Carlson

The reference copy


The library aims to have a copy of all the books that appear on a literature list to any of the University’s courses. This copy is meant to be used only in the library, and can’t be borrowed home.

How do we know if a book is available as reference copy? We start as usual from Summon which is the library search service. Write the title or author in the search box and you get a list of results that looks something like this:


Here you find all the information you need to know if the book is a reference copy. If you choose to click through from the results list, you get more detailed information of the book:


Then it’s time to visit the 1st floor of the library where there is a shelf with books labeled Course Reference. To find the book you can see the green rings in the pictures above. They indicate where on the shelf the book is. In this case the book under the letter B for Bryman, the book’s author. But the book can also be on the title so be sure to note the information on the location. If the book is not in place, the most common explanation that it is used by someone else and it usually comes in place during the day. If you can’t find the book several days in a row it’s good to contact the information desk on level 2. If you find that one of the books on your course list does not have a reference copy please also contact information desk to inform of the book’s title and to what course it belongs.

Text & pictures: Lisa Carlson